Painting City – paragraj | beautiful paintings
Painting City – paragraj | allahabad beautiful paintings
The city was believed to be known as Prayaga (place of the confluences) – a name that is still often used. That it is an ancient town is also illustrated by references in the Vedas (the most ancient of Hindu sacred texts) to Prayaga. It is believed to be the location where Brahma, the Creator of the Universe, attended a sacrificial ritual.
The Puranas, another important group of religious texts, record that Yayati left Prayaga and conquered the region of Sapta Sindhu. His five sons Yadu, Druhyu, Puru, Anu and Turvashas became the main tribes of the Rigveda.
The centre of action at that time was in the Punjab, where the Vedas were written. The Rig Veda, written during that period, has a special mention of Prayag as a holy place. The Vatsas, or Vamsas, are called upon to become a branch of the Kurus. The Kurus ruled the Doab and Kurukshetra area from Hastinapur (near present-day Delhi). In the Later Vedic period, when Hastinapur was destroyed by floods, the Kuru King Nichakshu transferred his entire capital with its citizens to a place next to Prayag, which he named Kaushambi (identified with the village Kosam, 56 km away from Prayagraj).
The Vatsa or Vamsa country corresponded with the territory of modern Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh. It had a monarchical form of government with its capital at Kausambi, now part of Allahabad division .Udayana was the ruler of Vatsa in the 6th century BCE, the time of Buddha. He was very powerful, warlike and fond of hunting. Initially king Udayana was opposed to Buddhism but later became a follower of Buddha and made Buddhism the state religion.
As the centre of activity shifted from the Punjab to the Doab, by then also known as Aryavarta in the post-Vedic period, the importance of both Kaushambi and Prayaga rose significantly. Indeed, Prayaga became the centre of the post Vedic culture and the emergence of modern Hinduism, as we know it today. In the coming centuries, Kaushambi also became an important seat of Buddhism.
The Kurus were later divided into the Kurus and Vatsas. With Kurus controlling the Upper Doab and Kurukshetra area, while the Vatsas controlling the middle and lower Doab. Later the Vatsas too were divided into two groups, with one group ruling from Mathura, and the other group ruling from Kaushambi.
During the Ramayana epic era, Prayaga was made up of a few rishis’ huts at the confluence of the sacred rivers, and much of the countryside was continuous jungle. Lord Rama, the main protagonist in the Ramayana spent some time here, at the Ashram of Sage Bharadwaj, before proceeding to nearby Chitrakoot.